The insidious problem of online violence against women journalists is increasingly spilling offline with potentially deadly consequences, a new global survey suggests.
Tagged with abuse
'One day, just after I had dropped my son off at school, I was sent a horrific video on WhatsApp. It made me question how images and videos of child sex abuse come to be made, and how they can be openly circulated on social media. And I wanted one answer above all - what happened to the boy in the video?'
Stalkerware - also known as spouseware - are powerful surveillance software programs typically sold openly online.
On a device, all messages can be read, screen activity recorded, GPS locations tracked and cameras used to spy on what an individual is doing.
The Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) has proposed an independent watchdog that will write a "code of practice" for tech companies.
Senior managers could be held liable for breaches, with a possible levy on the industry to fund the regulator.
The full scale of online child sexual exploitation is difficult to know.
Sites are often disguised to make them appear legal, or are hidden on the dark web, which enables people to act anonymously and untraceably online.
Smart doorbells and thermostats are an emerging trend in domestic abuse, but those working on the front line lack the tools and know-how to fight back